Reservoir Evaluation and Development ›› 2019, Vol. 9 ›› Issue (1): 72-79.

• Non-conventional Reservoir • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Research on productivity of fractured horizontal wells in shale gas reservoirs based on anomalous diffusion model

Li Yongming,Wu Lei,Chen Xi   

  1. State Key Laboratory of Oil and Gas Reservoir Geology and Exploitation, Southwest Petroleum University, Chengdu, Sichuan 610500, China
  • Received:2018-04-11 Online:2019-02-26 Published:2019-02-15


After the volume fracturing of shale gas reservoirs, due to the abrupt variations in the pore scale of the gas seepage and the severe difference between the characteristics of shale matrix and fractures, the seepage velocity field showed a sharp discontinuity, resulting in the failure of continuum assumption. In order to accurately understand the flow pattern of shale gas reservoirs and analyze the productivity, based on the trilinear flow model of fractured horizontal wells in shale gas reservoirs and coupled with the anomalous diffusion equation of fractal porous media, we established a fractured horizontal well productivity model of shale gas reservoirs. The dimensionless production was obtained by Laplace transform and Stehfest numerical inversion. Finally, we analyzed its result combining specific example and obtained a dimensional production curve. The analysis results showed that five flow regions for shale gas could be identified, including the linear flow stage of hydraulic fractures, the bilinear flow in hydraulic fractures and natural fractures, the linear flow stage of natural fractures, the bilinear flow in natural fractures and matrices, and the phase of matrix linear flow. Based on the production model, we also studied the influence of anomalous diffusion exponent, pseudo-permeability, storability ratio, fracture spacing and the like. on the production of shale gas reservoirs. The results indicated that the smaller abnormal diffusion exponent and the stronger matrix heterogeneity were, the more obvious decrease of productivity would be, and the natural fractures pseudo-permeability had great impact on the length of time in the linear flow of the natural fractures. Furthermore, the hydraulic fracture pseudo-permeability could influence the productivity in the whole middle-late production cycle. The larger the storability ratio was, the more obvious increase amplitude of productivity would be. The research provided a new idea and method for productivity analysis and evaluation of shale gas reservoirs.

Key words: shale gas, anomalous diffusion, volume fracturing, natural fractures, productivity, Laplace transform

CLC Number: 

  • TE312